Nano Biomedicine

Evaluation of a Gliding Arc Discharge Non-thermal Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Device for Orthodontic Bonding

Shuichi YAMAGATA1, Takaaki YAMAMOTO1, Yoshiaki SATO1, Shigeaki ABE2, Tsukasa AKASAKA2, Yasuhiro YOSHIDA2, and Junichiro IIDA1
1Department of Orthodontics, Graduate School of Dental Medicine,
Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
1Department of Biomedical Materials and Engineering,
Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan

Nano Biomed 2016;8(1): 57-63, (June 30, Nano Biomedicine)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of gliding arc discharge non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma with N2 carrier gas on surface chemical modification for adhesion improvement. The shear bond strength between the orthodontic adhesive resin and plasma-treated stainless steel surface improved slightly, although the surface free energy of the stainless steel samples increased from 73.6 mJ⋅m-2 to 112.9 mJ⋅m-2 mainly due to an increase of the dipole component (γSp) and partially due to an increase of the hydrogen bond component (γSh). This is partly because the metastability of the stainless steel surface was stabilized by immediate hydration or adsorption of water on the highly hydroxylated stainless steel surfaces. However, surface cleaning and hydroxylating efficacy of the handheld device was determined to be superior to those of other surface cleaning procedures, particularly in terms of intraoral applications. The technique may be potentially employed in establishing M-S coordinate bonds in dental precious metals and related alloys.

Key words: orthodontic bonding, gliding arc discharge, non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma, surface modification, shear bond strength

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